Herman's New Ticks Glossary..

This is a collection of terms collected by staffer and wordsmith, Herman as he meanders his way through unravelling the philosophical understandings which form the backdrop to a PhD lifer. Most of the terms are real..



Determinism

The view that every event, including human cognition, behaviour, decision, and action, is causally determined by an unbroken chain of prior occurrences. Humans may not change the course of the future and its events (fatalism). Incompatibilists view determinism and free will as mutually exclusive. The belief that free will is an illusion is known as Hard Determinism.

Dualism

Any of a narrow variety of views about the relationship between mind and matter, which claims that mind and matter are two ontologically separate categories. In particular, mind-body dualism claims that neither the mind nor matter can be reduced to each other in any way (as opposed to materialism).

Emergence

The way complex systems and patterns arise out of a multiplicity of relatively simple interactions..

Free Will

Human choices and actions are determined by internal causes: that an individual is the prime mover of his life.

Materialism

The only thing that exists is matter. All things are composed of material and all phenomena (including consciousness) are the result of material interactions.

Mechanism

The theory that all natural phenomena can be explained by laws of nature. (as opposed to vitalism, which holds that organisms have "vital forces" which aren't physical).

Phenomenology

The phenomenological movement began with Husserl's Logische Untersuchungen (1900-1901). This work is most famous for its attack on psychologism, which is the attempt to absorb logic into empirical psychology. Existential phenomenology developed from Martin Heidegger's Sein und Zeit (1927) which included an analysis of human being as a means to a fundamental ontology that went beyond the regional ontologies described by Husserl. It is concerned with topics such as action, conflict, desire, finitude, oppression, and death. Hermeneutical phenomenology particularly developed from Heidegger's Sein und Zeit, according to which human existence is interpretative. An emphasis of hermeneutics is the method of interpretation

Postmodernism

Suggests there are multiple realities existing alongside each other; individual versions of reality might differ greatly..

Reductionism

Holds that a system is nothing but the sum of its parts and that an account of it can be reduced to accounts of individual constituents. Reductionism dates back to ancient Greek philosophy in which some philosophers including Democritus, viewed the world as a mechanistic, material machine.





List collated by H.
Sources: various

Comments

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Lauti
11 Aug 2015, 09:57
I'm also curious about the Major British Writers I haven't been to uni, so I can't offer a tlnrsatnaatic comparison. I hope you get something a bit broader than the standard pile of classics we got dragged through at school the teacher was a great success at putting me off 19th century novels in particular It took me years to even slightly get over the block. A quick look through my recent reading doesn't show up a lot of Brits. But if you want a recommendation for a wonderful writer and a beautiful book yes, I know you didn't ask for one! I'd suggest John Berger's From A to X . Berger is one of those people who manages to be brilliant in several different directions don't know if that's enough to get him into the Major British Writers category (or whether he would term himself a British writer). Hmm. I seem to be rambling off topic wildly. What I meant to say is, hope you enjoy all your classes it looks like a very interesting mix.
Lauti
11 Aug 2015, 09:57
I'm also curious about the Major British Writers I haven't been to uni, so I can't offer a tlnrsatnaatic comparison. I hope you get something a bit broader than the standard pile of classics we got dragged through at school the teacher was a great success at putting me off 19th century novels in particular It took me years to even slightly get over the block. A quick look through my recent reading doesn't show up a lot of Brits. But if you want a recommendation for a wonderful writer and a beautiful book yes, I know you didn't ask for one! I'd suggest John Berger's From A to X . Berger is one of those people who manages to be brilliant in several different directions don't know if that's enough to get him into the Major British Writers category (or whether he would term himself a British writer). Hmm. I seem to be rambling off topic wildly. What I meant to say is, hope you enjoy all your classes it looks like a very interesting mix.
Lauti
11 Aug 2015, 09:56
I'm also curious about the Major British Writers I haven't been to uni, so I can't offer a tlnrsatnaatic comparison. I hope you get something a bit broader than the standard pile of classics we got dragged through at school the teacher was a great success at putting me off 19th century novels in particular It took me years to even slightly get over the block. A quick look through my recent reading doesn't show up a lot of Brits. But if you want a recommendation for a wonderful writer and a beautiful book yes, I know you didn't ask for one! I'd suggest John Berger's From A to X . Berger is one of those people who manages to be brilliant in several different directions don't know if that's enough to get him into the Major British Writers category (or whether he would term himself a British writer). Hmm. I seem to be rambling off topic wildly. What I meant to say is, hope you enjoy all your classes it looks like a very interesting mix.
Fahmi
05 Oct 2012, 01:57
Rather than Platonic, I think more in terms of Bohm's Implicate Order, which to me suggests an Immanent, as ospoped to a Transcendent, Universe. Perhaps, to simply offer a label, materialistic monism would be the most accurate.This seems the most elegant current reconciliation of the electromagnetic spectrum areas to which we are deaf and blind and, even more so, the evidence of the preponderance of dark matter and dark energy in the universe with that which the brain interprets as what the senses tells it.To the extent faith in science assumes a materialistic physicality based upon a tradition of empiricism routinely corrupted by positivist reductionism is not what you refer to, then it appears to me as more than just a matter of faith/opinion. As to a single physical reality I might offer a single unified field with physical reality being the part our brains create out of sensory input.It remains to be seen to what degree it is a survival mechanism. In that case it appears to be malfunctioning and leading us astray.If I may be so bold, perhaps a shade of what R.A.W. is getting at would be that this appears to be a mystical magical ride and taking any part of it too seriously risks missing some of the best parts.
Gipson Edappazham
04 Mar 2010, 05:08
Very useful website.....Good work.



Gipson Edappazham
Website: http://www.gipson2k.com/

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